English and American Social Settlements, August 8, 1908 (summary)




Miss Jane Addams Tells of Good Accomplishment Among Unfortunate People of Chicago.

That Miss Jane Addams is reaping the reward of a score of years consecrated to the service of humanity was conclusively proved last night by the large audience that greeted her when she lectured on "English and American Social Settlements," in Perkins Hall, under the auspices of the Woman's Club of Colorado Springs.

Miss Addams early foresaw what an enormous undertaking it would be to convert the thousands of foreigners seeking homes in America into desirable citizens and as founder of the famous Hull House in Chicago, she has accomplished wonders.

Miss Addams personifies the sociologist in the finest sense and in the motto of the Woman's club of this city, "Not for Ourselves Alone, but for Others as Well," is thoroughly embodied the rule of her life. Her audience last night listened to her as an authority on all matters pertaining to a higher social and civic experience.

Tells of Her Work.

The inception of settlement work, Miss Addams stated, was due to the efforts of a group of Englishmen who, led by [Arnold Toynbee], founded a settlement in [Whitechapel] district, London, 25 years ago. With 2,000,000 people, a majority of whom were among the employed, sociological problems of which society then knew nothing, had assumed great proportions. From the great needs arose Oxford House in East London and thence the movement rapidly spread to the college settlements, calculated to give students opportunity for further study and the enlargement of their philanthropic impulses.

Concerning the work at Hull House and its outlying buildings, 13 in all, with its residents numbering 40 and the 6,000 to 7,000 who share, weekly in its benefits, Miss Addams spoke enthusiastically but modestly.

Where lack of money has denied social and educational advantages to those who frequent Hull House, the clubs and circles supply the deficiency and the industrial districts of Chicago have been vastly improved. Instruction is afforded for men, women and children in language, art and all the useful vocations. Recreation is given by means of athletics, music and the dramatic art, and, besides, there are debates upon civic subjects, political economy, and others making for self-improvement.

Russian Jews Most Apt.

In closing, Miss Addams gave an opportunity for questions relating to her work and thus it was shown that her auditors were deeply interested in her lecture. The fact was brought out that there is no attempt to make Hull House a unit as to religion, and tolerance is early inculcated in all who frequent it. Miss Addams stated that the Russian Jews showed the most aptitude and the Italians were slowest in learning. The Irish lead in political preferment, and, said the speaker, "The brothers go into the city hall, the sisters into the city schools."

In a few well-chosen words, Mrs. F. W. Goddard, president of the Woman's club, introduced Miss Addams to her audience who greeted her with applause.

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